MEDIEVAL MATHEMATICS Medieval abacus, based on the Roman/Greek model During the centuries in which the Chinese, Indian and Islamic mathematicians had been in the ascendancy, Europe had fallen into the Dark Ages, in which science, mathematics and almost all intellectual endeavour stagnated.
The word "medieval" is popularly used to indicate something that is backward or barbaric, but few who have actually studied the time period would use the term so disparagingly.
1. of or done by mathematics. mathematical tables. 2. very exact or accurate. mathematical precision. 1. a person who is good at mathematics. For a young boy, he's quite a mathematician! 2. someone who works in mathematics. He is a mathematician with a local engineering firm.
[Middle English, from Medieval Latin mathēmaticālis, from Latin mathēmaticus, from Greek mathēmatikos, from mathēma, mathēmat-, science, learning, from manthanein, math-, to learn; see mendh- in Indo-European roots .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition.