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See also: Eukaryotes Eukaryote Eukarya Eukaryota Eukaryotic

1. Any member of the Eukarya, a domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained. Eukaryotes include protoctists, fungi, plants, and animalsCompare prokaryote Derived forms of eukaryote eukaryotic or eucaryotic (ˌjuːkærɪˈɒtɪk), adjective

Eukarya, Each, Eukaryotes, Eukaryote, Eukaryotic, Eucaryotic

2. Eukaryotes are organisms made up of cells that possess a membrane-bound nucleus (that holds DNA in the form of chromosomes) as well as membrane-bound organelles. Eukaryotic organisms may be multicellular or single-celled organisms

Eukaryotes, Eukaryotic

3. Other Eukaryotes include plants, fungi, and protists.


4. Eukaryotes have many cellular characteristics that distinguish them from prokaryotes like bacteria


5. For example, all Eukaryotes have complex organelles, including a cytoskeleton, a membrane-bound nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles like mitochondria, the Golgi apparatus and chloroplasts.

Example, Eukaryotes

6. Eukaryotes are cells commonly identified by the presence of a nucleus. Eukaryota is one of the three domains of life (bacteria and archaea are the others and collectively referred to as prokaryotes) and encompasses single-celled organisms as well as all multicellular life.

Eukaryotes, Eukaryota, Encompasses

7. Paramecium, Euglena, Trypanosoma, Dinoflagellates are unicellular Eukaryotes

Euglena, Eukaryotes

8. Plants and animals are multicellular Eukaryotes


9. The first two have prokaryotic cells, and the third contains all Eukaryotes.


10. Eukaryotes are cytologically distinct from prokaryotes (archaeobacteria and eubacteria)

Eukaryotes, Eubacteria

11. A typical eukaryotic cell contains membrane-bound intracellular structures such as a nucleus, mitochondria, and, for photosynthetic Eukaryotes, chloroplasts.

Eukaryotic, Eukaryotes

12. The oldest fossil clearly related to modern Eukaryotes is a red alga dating back to 1.2 billion years ago


13. Some time within Proterozoic Eon, then, all three major groups of life – Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryotes – became well established.

Eon, Eukaryotes, Established

14. Eukaryotes include protoctists, fungi, plants, and animals.


15. Eukaryotes are distinguished from Archaea and Eubacteria in many different ways, but most importantly, the cells of Eukaryotes display a much greater degree of structural organization and complexity

Eukaryotes, Eubacteria

16. Other microbial Eukaryotes were also observed, including the trichomonad Simplicimonas and the Apicomplexan Eimeria

Eukaryotes, Eimeria

17. Animals, plants, algae and fungi are all Eukaryotes


18. There are also Eukaryotes amongst single-celled protists.


19. Eukaryotes include larger, more complex organisms such as plants and animals


20. Only Eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles and a nucleus


21. Eukaryotes reproduce sexually through meiosis, which allows for genetic variance.


22. We will shortly come to see that this is significantly different in Eukaryotes


23. See for more details the differences between prokaryotes and Eukaryotes


24. Eukaryotes can be single celled or mulitceullular (such as a dog)


25. Eukaryotes - Cells with Parts This is the place to learn about cells with a nucleus and all sorts of organelles


26. Eukaryotes are what you think of when you think of a classic "cell." There are cells without organized nuclei or organelles that are called prokaryotes, but not on this page.


27. Eukaryotes are more complex and much larger than the prokaryotes


28. Structurally, Eukaryotes possess a cell wall, which supports and protects the plasma membrane


29. In Eukaryotes, several factors are used in chain initiation such as eIF2, eIF3, eIF4A, eIF4E, eIF4F and elF 4G

Eukaryotes, Elf

30. Enzymes Involved: In Eukaryotes, two types of enzymes are used in

Enzymes, Eukaryotes

31. From prokaryotes to Eukaryotes Living things have evolved into three large clusters of closely related organisms, called "domains": Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukaryota

Eukaryotes, Evolved, Eukaryota

32. Eukaryotes will also have other membrane-bound structures that you will not see in prokaryotes


33. Eukaryotes are the third domain of life


34. Prokaryotes might be able to eat almost anything, but these Eukaryotes have other advantages

Eat, Eukaryotes

35. The Eukaryotes are a sophisticated bunch


36. Even the uni-cellular Eukaryotes, such as amoebas and yeast, have an intracellular complexity that far exceeds the simple machinery inside prokaryotes, classified as the “non-Eukaryotes.”

Even, Eukaryotes, Exceeds

37. The revised classification of Eukaryotes


38. Eukaryotes have a separate membrane bound nucleus, numerous mitochondria and organelles


39. The lack of internal membranes in prokaryotes distinguishes them from Eukaryotes.


40. In Eukaryotes and archaea, transcription initiation is far more complex


41. In Eukaryotes, a collection of proteins called transcription factors mediate the binding of RNA polymerase and the initiation of transcription.


42. This Amoeba Sisters video starts with providing examples of prokaryotes and Eukaryotes before comparing and contrasting prokaryotic cells with eukaryotic cel

Examples, Eukaryotes, Eukaryotic

43. Eukaryotes only appear in the fossil record later, and may have formed from endosymbiosis of multiple prokaryote ancestors

Eukaryotes, Endosymbiosis

44. The oldest known fossil Eukaryotes are about 1.7 billion years old


45. However, some genetic evidence suggests Eukaryotes appeared as early as 3 billion years ago.

Evidence, Eukaryotes, Early

46. Approximately 1.5 billion years ago, in an oxygen-containing atmosphere, the first Eukaryotes came into being


47. Eukaryotes have a nucleus, a nuclear membrane, a number of organelles, a ribosomal structure different from that of prokaryotes


48. Eukaryotes (General Characteristics) Have a true nucleus Have membranous organelles Larger than prokaryotes, 80s ribosomes Linear Chromosomes/More than 1 Chromosome per cell Cell Walls made of phospholipids (cellulose, chiten, agar) Contain Histone proteins Various Nutrition modes


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EUKARYOTES [yo͞oˈkerēōt]


  • an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.Compare with prokaryote.
Synonyms: prokaryote .

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the differents between a prokaryote and an eukaryote?

Difference Between Prokaryotic And Eukaryotic Cells

  • Definition. Prokaryotic Cell: Prokaryotic cells don't possess nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. ...
  • Size of the cell. Prokaryotic Cell: These cells are normally 0.2 to 2 µm in diameter. ...
  • Nucleus. ...
  • DNA. ...
  • Membrane-bound Organelles. ...
  • Flagella. ...
  • Glycocalyx. ...
  • Cell Wall. ...
  • Plasma Membrane. ...
  • Cytoplasm. ...
  • More items...

    What does the term eukaryotic mean?

    Medical Definition of eukaryote. : any of a domain (Eukarya) or a higher taxonomic group (Eukaryota) above the kingdom that includes organisms composed of one or more cells containing visibly evident nuclei and organelles — compare prokaryote. Other Words from eukaryote.

    What are the differences between an eukaryote and prokaryote?

    Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

    Prokaryotes Eukaryotes
    Type of Cell Always unicellular Unicellular and multi-cellular
    Cell size Ranges in size from 0.2 μm - 2.0 μm in d ... Size ranges from 10 μm - 100 μm in diame ...
    Cell wall Usually present; chemically complex in n ... When present, chemically simple in natur ...
    Nucleus Absent. Instead, they have a nucleoid re ... Present
    12 more rows ... Jan 14 2021

    What animals are eukaryotes?

    The largest of category eukaryotes is the animal kingdom. Animals are made up of complex cells, have tissue and organ systems and use sexual reproduction. More than 1 million species fall into this biological kingdom, including birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, insects, worms, mollusks, jellyfish and sponges.

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